Homework assignments for ECE 614 Advanced Analog IC Design, Fall 2011
Homework guidelines are found here.
Note that an A in front of the problem indicates an additional problem from the books webpage, not a problem from the books end-of-chapter problems.
Project2 due Thursday, December 15, design a 12-bit pipelined ADC using 1.5 bits/stage and capacitor error averaging. Use the ideal op-amp circuit/symbol from Ch. 30 (see, for example, Fig. 30.34). Some additional comments and requirements:
1) Your design should use the same symbol footprint as the ideal 12-bit ADC in the Chap30_LTspice directory at CMOSedu.com. Also, use the ideal 12-bit DAC from this directory to help with your simulations.
2) Assume the ADCs input is single-ended (it has to be to match the ideal 12-bit ADCs symbol) so that the input of the ADC is a single-ended to differential S/H (Fig. 30.34). Verify, in your report, that the op-amps input CM voltage doesnt vary.
3) Simulations should show your ADC along with the ideal 12-bit DAC so that the top level simulations contain two symbols, your ADC and the ideal DAC, along with VDD = 1 V and a, for example, 100 MHz clock signal.
4) Use ideal logic in your design for clock generation and for the logic that combines the outputs of the pipelined stages. Its okay to use the built-in LTspice digital gates.
5) Show, using simulations, the tolerance of your design to capacitor mismatch and op-amp/comparator offset. Show that the performance of (matching in) the earlier pipelined stages is more critical than the later stages.
A PDF report detailing the operation and performance of the design along with a zipped up file containing simulations (no raw files) should be emailed to the instructor before class time on December 6.
Project1 due Thursday, October 13, this project has to do with the design of a readout integrated circuit (ROIC) for use with a corrugated quantum well infrared photodetector (C-QWIP). The C-QWIP is an imager that operates at lower temperatures, around 50K, (paper) useful for infrared sensing (viewing the temperature of objects). The focal plane array (FPA) of C-QWIP devices will be bumped to the top of a CMOS chip containing your ROIC design. The FPA is connected through bump pads (smaller than regular bonding pads) on the top of the CMOS chip. A thermal electric cooler is used to cool both the C-QWIP FPA and the CMOS chip. Your ROIC must fit within a 25 mm square layout area (the size of the C-QWIP device, see the Table below) and be as low power as possible since there will be 327,680 ROICs on the chip. Basic requirements are seen in the table below. Some example calculations are shown next to the table.
For a 25 mm pitch, Iphoto = 312.5 pA
For a 25 mm pitch, Idark = 31.25 pA
Using a 3.3V CTIA (capacitive feedback transimpedance amplifier) output swing, with a 2 ms integration time, for the maximum input photo current:
Iphoto = (50 mA/cm2)(25 mm x 25 mm) = 312.5 pA
Iphoto = 312.5 pA = C (DV/Dt) = C (3.3 V/2 ms) = C (1.65 x 103 V / s)
C = 312.5 pA/(1.65 x 103 V) = 189 fF
Read noise = sqrt (kT/C) = 71.4e RMS @ 50K
Swing due to dark current 330 mV
Design the ROIC using Ons C5 process (SPICE models are in C5_models.txt). One side of the C-QWIP device is connected to the input of your ROIC circuit. The other side is common to all C-QWIPs in the FPA and tied to a common bias voltage.
1) the input of your ROIC must be short-circuit protected so that if a single C-QWIP device shorts to the common bias voltage the ROIC is unharmed and doesnt draw significant current
2) the bias voltage of the common C-QWIP device can range from 0 to 5 V (not the 5 to 10 seen in the table)
3) the input voltage of the ROIC is nominally 2.5 V (so that the voltage across the C-QWIP device can vary between -2.5 and +2.5 V)
4) the input voltage of the ROIC stays at nominally 2.5 V during the integration time to avoid de-biasing the C-QWIP device (unless the ROICs output saturates at the power supply rail)
5) besides the bump to the C-QWIP device the inputs of your ROIC are row_reset and row_select
6) the output of your ROIC is row-line selectable (with the row_select signal) and connected to a column line
7) the output of your circuit is an analog voltage corresponding to the integrated current from the C-QWIP device
Use LTspice to verify your hand calculations. Do not layout the ROIC; however, do estimate the ROICs layout size. A PDF report detailing the design considerations, design decisions (including a discussion of the type of feedback amplifier used and why), and a noise analysis (with simulations verifying hand calculations) along with a zipped up file containing simulation schematics should be emailed to the instructor before class time on Oct. 13
HW#15 due Tuesday, December 6, A30.8 and A30.12, check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 30.25, AL 30.24, RL 30.23, BM 30.22, AT 30.21
HW#14 due Tuesday, November 29, A30.9 and A30.11, check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 30.16, AL 30.17, RL 30.18, BM 30.19, AT 30.20
HW#13 due Thursday, November 17, A30.5-A30.7, check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 30.11, AL 30.12, RL 30.13, BM 30.14, AT 30.15
HW#12 due Tuesday, November 15, A30.1-A30.3, check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 30.10, AL 30.9, RL 30.8, BM 30.7, AT 30.6
HW#11 due Thursday, November 10, only check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 30.5, AL 30.4, RL 30.3, BM 30.2, AT 30.1
HW#10 due Tuesday, November 1, A29.4 and A29.7
HW#9 due Thursday, October 27, A29.1-A29.3
HW#8 due Tuesday, October 4, A8.13 and A8.16
HW#7 due Thursday, September 29, A8.4-A8.10, A21.31, and A21.32
HW#6 due Thursday, September 22, A8.1-A8.3, and generate the PSD of the MOSFETs drain current for both devices in Table 9.2
HW#5 due Thursday, September 15, A31.12-A31.14, and check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB: 31.21-31.23, AL 31.24-31.26, RL 31.27-31.29, BM 31.30-31.32, and AT 31.33-31.35
HW#4 due Tuesday, September 13, A31.8-A31.11, and check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 31.11 and 31.16, AL 31.12 and 31.17, RL 31.13 and 31.18, BM 31.14 and 31.19, AT 31.15 and 31.20
HW#3 due Tuesday, September 6, A31.6 and A31.7
HW#2 due Thursday, September 1, A31.2-A31.5, and check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 31.10, AL 31.9, RL 31.8, BM 31.7, AT 31.6
HW#1 due Tuesday, August 30, A31.1 and check end-of-chapter online solutions: JB 31.1, AL 31.2, RL 31.3, BM 31.4, AT 31.5